Learning Theories



For a larger version of the chart, please download this PDF.


Cognitive Load Theory: Helping People Learn Effectively. (n.d.) Mind Tools. Retrieved from https://www.mindtools.com/pages/article/cognitive-load-theory.htm

Graham, G. (2015) Behaviorism. Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy. Retrieved from https://plato.stanford.edu/entries/behaviorism/

Green, C. (1997/2009) Introduction to: “Psychology as the Behaviorist Views It.” John B. Watson (1913). Classics in the History of Psychology. Retrieved from https://psychclassics.yorku.ca/Watson/intro.htm

GSI Teaching & Resource Center. (2018) Behaviorism. Berkeley Graduate Division. Retrieved from http://gsi.berkeley.edu/gsi-guide-contents/learning-theory-research/behaviorism/

IQST. (n. d.) A Constructivist Approach in Assessment. Socrates Programme, European Commission. Retrieved from http://www.iqst.upol.cz/e-learning/m1/e-learning-m1-u2.php

Little Albert Experiment. (8 June 2018). Wikipedia. Retrieved from https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Little_Albert_experiment

Mayer, R. E. and R. Moreno. (2003). Nine Ways to Reduce Cognitive Load in Multimedia Learning. Educational Psychologist 38(1). Retrieved from http://faculty.washington.edu/farkas/WDFR/MayerMoreno9WaysToReduceCognitiveLoad.pdf

McLeod, S. (2012) Zone of Proximal Development. Simply Psychology. Retrieved from https://www.simplypsychology.org/Zone-of-Proximal-Development.html

——. (2013) Pavlov’s Dogs. Simply Psychology. Retrieved from www.simplypsychology.org/pavlov.html

——. (2014) Lev Vygotsky. Simply Psychology. Retrieved from https://www.simplypsychology.org/vygotsky.html

——. (2018) Skinner—Operant Conditioning. Simply Psychology. Retrieved from https://www.simplypsychology.org/operant-conditioning.html

Pappas, C. (2013) The Adult Learning Theory—Andragogy—of Malcolm Knowles. e-Learning Industry. Retrieved from https://elearningindustry.com/the-adult-learning-theory-andragogy-of-malcolm-knowles

Siemens, G. (2005) Connectivism: A Learning Theory for the Digital Age. International Journal of Instructional Technology & Distance Learning, 2.1. Retrieved from http://www.itdl.org/journal/jan_05/article01.htm

Tscoshanov, M. (2013) Engineering of Learning: Conceptualizing e-Didactics. Moscow. Retrieved from https://iite.unesco.org/pics/publications/en/files/3214730.pdf

Vygotsky, L. (1978) Interaction Between Learning and Development. In M. Gauvain and M. Cole (Eds.) Readings on the Development of Children. New York: Scientific American Books. Pp. 34-40.